To merge branches in Git, you can follow these steps:
- Switch to the branch where you want to merge the changes. Use the command git checkout
- Run the command git merge
- If there are no conflicts, Git will automatically merge the changes and create a new commit. This commit will have a message indicating the branch it was merged from.
- If there are conflicts, Git will pause the merge and you will need to resolve the conflicts manually. Open the files with conflicts, look for the conflict markers (<<<<<, >>>>>, =====), and modify the code to resolve the conflicts. Save the changes.
- After resolving the conflicts, add the modified files with git add
- Run git commit to create a merge commit with the resolved conflicts. Git will automatically create a default merge commit message, but you can modify it if needed.
- To complete the merge, run git push to push the changes to the remote repository.
Note: It is recommended to perform a
git pull before merging to ensure you have the latest changes from the remote repository. Additionally, it is a good practice to merge branches with a clean working directory to avoid unexpected conflicts.