In Laravel, pivot tables are typically used in many-to-many relationships between two database tables.
You would use a pivot table when you have a relationship where a record in one table can be associated with multiple records in another table, and vice versa. The pivot table acts as a bridge between the two tables, storing the foreign keys of both tables in addition to any additional data specific to the relationship.
For example, if you have a "users" table and a "roles" table, where a user can have multiple roles and a role can be associated with multiple users, you would use a pivot table to store this relationship. The pivot table would have the user_id and role_id columns, along with any additional columns that are specific to the user-role relationship, such as the date the user was assigned the role.
By using pivot tables in Laravel, you can easily manage and retrieve records that are part of this many-to-many relationship. The Laravel framework provides eloquent relationships and methods to simplify querying and manipulating data in pivot tables.