How to use environment variables in Symfony?

by wilmer.lemke , in category: PHP Frameworks , 9 months ago

How to use environment variables in Symfony?

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1 answer

by elisha_langworth , 3 months ago


In Symfony, you can use environment variables to store configuration values that may vary between different environments (e.g. development, staging, production). This allows you to use the same codebase for different environments, while still being able to customize certain aspects of the application based on the environment.

To use environment variables in Symfony, you can use the %env()% syntax in your configuration files. For example, to use an environment variable named DATABASE_URL, you would use %env(DATABASE_URL)% in your configuration file.

Here is an example of how you might use an environment variable in a Symfony application:

In your .env file:


In your config/packages/doctrine.yaml file:

        url: '%env(DATABASE_URL)%'

You can also use environment variables in your PHP code using the $_SERVER or getenv() functions. For example:

$databaseUrl = getenv('DATABASE_URL');

It's also possible to define environment variables in the .env.local file, which is automatically loaded by the Symfony application. This is useful for setting environment-specific configuration values on your local development machine.


I hope this helps! Let me know if you have any questions.