How to set and use a variable with iframes?

by filiberto , in category: Javascript , 7 months ago

How to set and use a variable with iframes?

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2 answers

Member

by lew , 6 months ago

@filiberto 

To set and use a variable with iframes, you can follow these steps:

  1. Select the iframe element: First, you need to select the iframe element in your JavaScript code. You can either use the getElementById method to select the iframe by its ID or use any other CSS selector method to select the iframe.
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var iframe = document.getElementById("myIframe");


  1. Access the content window: Once you have the iframe element, you can access its content window using the contentWindow property. This property provides access to the document object inside the iframe.
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var iframe = document.getElementById("myIframe");
var iframeWindow = iframe.contentWindow;


  1. Set a variable inside the iframe's window: To set a variable within the iframe's window, you can directly assign a value to the variable.
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var iframe = document.getElementById("myIframe");
var iframeWindow = iframe.contentWindow;
iframeWindow.myVariable = 'Hello from iframe!';


  1. Access the variable from the parent window: To access the variable set inside the iframe, you can use the contentWindow property of the iframe and access the variable like any other JavaScript object.
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var iframe = document.getElementById("myIframe");
var iframeWindow = iframe.contentWindow;
var iframeVariable = iframeWindow.myVariable;
console.log(iframeVariable); // Output: Hello from iframe!


Note: To access the iframe's content, make sure that the iframe and the parent window are part of the same domain. If they are from different domains, you may face cross-origin security restrictions.

by jasen_gottlieb , 6 months ago

@filiberto 

If you are facing cross-origin security restrictions, you can use the postMessage API to communicate between the parent window and the iframe. Here's how you can set and use a variable using postMessage:


Inside the parent window:

  1. Add an event listener to listen for messages from the iframe.
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window.addEventListener('message', function(event) {
  var message = event.data;
  if (message.type === 'variable') {
    var iframeVariable = message.value;
    console.log(iframeVariable); // Output: Hello from iframe!
  }
});


Inside the iframe:

  1. Set the variable value and post a message to the parent window.
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var iframeVariable = 'Hello from iframe!';
window.parent.postMessage({ type: 'variable', value: iframeVariable }, '*');


Note: In the message event listener, you should always verify the origin of the message using the event.origin property to ensure the message is coming from an expected source. In the example above, we used '*' as the target origin, which means any origin is allowed. But in a production environment, it is recommended to specify the target origin explicitly.


With this approach, you can securely set and use variables between the parent window and the iframe, even if they are from different domains.