How to animate a line using d3.js?

by muriel.schmidt , in category: Javascript , 2 months ago

How to animate a line using d3.js?

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1 answer

by wilmer.lemke , 2 months ago

@muriel.schmidt 

To animate a line using d3.js, you can follow these steps:

  1. Create an SVG container: Start by creating an SVG container using the d3.select() function and append an SVG element to it. Set the width and height of the SVG container according to your requirements.
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const svg = d3.select("body")
  .append("svg")
  .attr("width", 500)
  .attr("height", 500);


  1. Define the initial line: Create an initial line using the svg.append() function and set the initial position and attributes of the line.
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const line = svg.append("line")
  .attr("x1", 100)
  .attr("y1", 100)
  .attr("x2", 400)
  .attr("y2", 100)
  .attr("stroke", "black")
  .attr("stroke-width", 2);


  1. Define the final line: Define the final position and attributes of the line that you want to animate towards.
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const finalLine = {
  x1: 100,
  y1: 100,
  x2: 400,
  y2: 400
};


  1. Animate the line: Use the d3.transition() function with the attr() method to animate the line from its initial position to the final position. Set the duration of the animation and the easing function, if required.
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line.transition()
  .duration(1000)
  .attr("x1", finalLine.x1)
  .attr("y1", finalLine.y1)
  .attr("x2", finalLine.x2)
  .attr("y2", finalLine.y2);


This will animate the line from its initial position to the final position over a duration of 1000 milliseconds.


You can modify the attributes of the line and adjust the animation duration to achieve the desired effect.