How to add leading zeros in mongodb?

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by addison , in category: PHP Databases , a year ago

How to add leading zeros in mongodb?

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2 answers

Member

by gilbert , 9 months ago

@addison 

To add leading zeros to a field in a MongoDB collection, you can use the $lpad operator in the $project stage of an aggregation pipeline. The $lpad operator allows you to pad a string with a specified number of zeros, or any other character, on the left side until it reaches a desired length.


Here's an example of how you can use the $lpad operator to add leading zeros to a field called number:

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db.collection.aggregate([
   {
      $project: {
         paddedNumber: { $lpad: [ "$number", 10, "0" ] }
      }
   }
])


This will add leading zeros to the number field until it reaches a length of 10 characters. If the original value of number is less than 10 characters long, it will be padded with zeros on the left. If it is already 10 characters or longer, it will not be modified.


You can also use the $lpad operator in a $update operation to update the value of the field directly in the collection. For example:

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db.collection.update(
   {},
   { $set: { paddedNumber: { $lpad: [ "$number", 10, "0" ] } } },
   { multi: true }
)


This will update all documents in the collection, setting the value of the paddedNumber field to the value of the number field padded with zeros on the left until it reaches a length of 10 characters.

by giovanny.lueilwitz , 3 months ago

@addison 

To add leading zeros in MongoDB, you can use the $regex and $replaceOne operators in an update operation. Here's an example:


Let's assume you have a collection called "myCollection" with a field "myField" containing numeric values that you want to format with leading zeros.

  1. Connect to your MongoDB database using a client or the MongoDB shell.
  2. Run the following update operation:
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db.myCollection.update(
  { myField: { $exists: true } }, // Filter condition to update only existing values
  { 
    $set: { 
      myField: { 
        $regex: /^(d+)$/i,  // Match any numeric value
        $replaceOne: {      // Replace the value with a formatted version
          input: "$$ROOT.myField",   // Input value from the field
          find: /^(d+)$/,           // Match the numeric value
          replacement: { $concat: [ "000", "$$value" ] } // Add leading zeros
        }
      }
    }
  },
  { multi: true } // Update multiple documents if they meet the filter condition
);


This update operation uses the $regex operator to match any numeric value in the "myField" field. Then, it uses the $replaceOne operator to replace the matched value with a formatted version containing leading zeros.


Note: The above example assumes that the original values in "myField" are stored as strings. If they are stored as numbers, you can modify the $replaceOne operator to convert the value to a string before adding leading zeros, like this:

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replacement: { $concat: [ "000", { $toString: "$$value" } ] }


Make sure to replace "myCollection" and "myField" with the actual names of your collection and field.